“Nature never rhymes her children, nor makes two men alike.” Ralph Waldo Emerson
What is ADD/ADHD?
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), is really a group of symptoms that involve developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Many people have trouble paying attention at times or can be impulsive, and many people have high energy levels. That doesn’t mean they have ADD/ADHD. The symptoms become a disorder when they are extreme for the age of the individual (developmentally inappropriate), and when they interfere with an individual’s ability to function in school, work and life.
There is no cure for ADD/ADHD, but there are a variety of treatments, from medication to behavioral therapy that can help children and adults with ADD/ADHD to function more effectively. Recent research in the field suggests that training cognitive skills, including working memory and other attention-related skills, may also be beneficial in helping individuals with attention issues, whether or not they rise to the level of an ADD/ADHD diagnosis, to focus and attend.
The Attention Skills that BrainWare SAFARI Develops
BrainWare Safari develops 41 cognitive skills in an intensive and integrated manner including 6 vital attention skills:
|Visual Sustained Attention||The ability to stay on task for a sustained period of time, dealing with visual information.|
|Auditory Sustained Attention||The ability to stay on task for a sustained period of time, dealing with auditory information.|
|Visual Selective Attention||The ability to attend to one input while not being distracted by other inputs, dealing with visual information.|
|Auditory Selective Attention||The ability to attend to one input while not being distracted by other inputs, dealing with auditory information.|
|Divided Attention||The ability to attend to two activities at the same time, such as taking notes while listening to the teacher.|
|Flexible Attention||The ability to shift focus from one task to another quickly and efficiently, when necessary.|
Closely related to the ability to control the focus of our attention is the ability to hold multiple pieces of information in our minds while we manipulate them – a process called working memory. Working memory is often described as a temporary storage system or the worktable of our mind. Many individuals with ADD/ADHD and those who simply struggle with attention also have working memory deficits. BrainWare also develops working memory.
BrainWare SAFARI is designed to provide a series of increasing challenges and to offer the kind of repetition that is necessary to make the skills automatic. BrainWare SAFARI is structured so that demands on different skills are integrated and not only trained individually. The recommended usage for BrainWare SAFARI is 3 to 5 times a week, 30-60 minutes per session, for about 12 weeks. While most individuals will not complete all levels of the program in this time, this is the pattern of usage in most of the research that has been conducted on the program.
While there has not yet been a large study the impact of cognitive training with BrainWare for individuals with ADHD specifically, most of the studies that have been completed in schools did not exclude students with ADHD. In studies of students working in a resource environment in various schools, attention skills were often a concern. In these times of studies, attention skills have improved across the board. Also, anecdotally, some parents of children with ADHD and clinicians and teachers working with such individuals have noted improvements in attention and focus following use of BrainWare SAFARI.
ADHD in Knowledge Center
Students with low IQx improved their cognitive skills by 9 months on average over the school year while they used BrainWare SAFARI, a greater improvement than typically experienced by this type of student receiving other interventions.
Following their use of BrainWare SAFARI, the two subjects improved their performance on cognitive tests by 5 years 4 months and 2 years 2 months respectively. Their parents reported positive changes in attention, tolerance for frustration, pace of work and self-confidence.
Students ranging from 7 to 16 in a rural school district used BrainWare SAFARI and averaged gains of 3 years 1 month, on cognitive tests. Each student exhibited improvement in their intellectual ability on the test. Teachers observed significant improvements in academic performance.