In an article published in the parenting blog on Kars4Kids, Roger Stark and Betsy Hill write explain how cognitive skills can be trained and who it can help.
Cognitive skills training strengthens the mental processes that help our brains take in, organize, store, retrieve, and apply information. Such processes include skills like attention, visual and auditory processing. We use our cognitive skills all at the same time. Strengthening these skills helps the brain make them work better together so they are more effective. Cognitive training, like physical training, involves “reps” of varied activities, often on a computer in a video-game format. This kind of brain training can benefit just about everyone, and may be particularly helpful for gifted children and children with learning differences such as ADHD.